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Samsca (tolvaptan) Prior Authorization with Quantity Limit Program Summary

Policy Number: PH-91098

 

This program applies to Blue Partner, Commercial, GenPlus, NetResults A Series, SourceRx and Health Insurance Marketplace formularies.            

POLICY REVIEW CYCLE                                                                                                                                                                           

Effective Date

Date of Origin 

07-01-2024            

FDA LABELED INDICATIONS AND DOSAGE

Agent(s)

FDA Indication(s)

Notes

Ref#

Samsca®

(tolvaptan)*

Tablet  

Treatment of clinically significant hypervolemic and euvolemic hyponatremia (serum sodium <125 mEq/L or less marked hyponatremia that is symptomatic and has resisted correction with fluid restriction), including patients with heart failure and Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)

Limitations of Use: 

Patients requiring intervention to raise serum sodium urgently to prevent or to treat serious neurological symptoms should not be treated with Samsca

It has not been established that raising serum sodium with Samsca provides a symptomatic benefit to patients 

*generic available

1

See package insert for FDA prescribing information:  https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/index.cfm

CLINICAL RATIONALE

Hyponatremia

Hyponatremia is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte balance in clinical practice, occurring in up to 15-30% of acute and chronically hospitalized patients. While many cases are considered mild and relatively asymptomatic, hyponatremia is clinically important for the following reasons: untreated acute severe hyponatremia can cause substantial morbidity and mortality; adverse outcomes, including mortality, are higher in patients with a wide range of underlying conditions; and correction of serum sodium that is too fast may cause severe neurologic damage and death.(2,3)

Hyponatremia can be classified as hypotonic, hypertonic, or isotonic. Hypotonic hyponatremia being further classified based on a patient’s extracellular fluid volume as hypovolemic hyponatremia, hypervolemic hyponatremia, or euvolemic hyponatremia. Hypovolemic hyponatremia is associated with fluid depletion and can arise from a number of conditions. Hypervolemic hyponatremia is caused by fluid overload, as in advanced cirrhosis, renal disease, or congestive heart failure. Euvolemic hyponatremia is most commonly associated with Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH).(2)

Appropriate treatment should be based on the type of hyponatremia, the underlying etiology, the serum sodium (Na+) level, and the severity of symptoms. Treatment strategies can include fluid restriction, diuretic therapy, sodium supplementation, demeclocycline, urea, and vasopressin receptor antagonists (vaptans). The 2013 expert panel recommendations note that, at the time that fluid restriction is first started, medications known to be associated with SIADH should be discontinued or changed.(2)

Medications associated with SIADH are: antidepressants (SSRIs, tricyclics, MAOIs, venlafaxine), anticonvulsants (carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, sodium valproate, lamotrigine), antipsychotics (phenothiazines, butyrophenones), anticancer (vinca alkaloids, platinum compounds, ifosfamide, melphalan, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, pentostatin), antidiabetic (chlorpropamide, tolbutamide), vasopressin analogues (desmopressin, oxytocin, terlipressin, vasopressin), miscellaneous (amiodarone, clofibrate, interferon, NSAIDs, levamisole, linezolid, monoclonal antibodies, nicotine, opiates, PPIs). Discontinuing these medications can lead to the rapid reversal of SIADH.(3) 

Safety

Samsca is contraindicated in the following conditions:(1)

  • Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) outside of FDA-approved REMS
  • Unable to sense or respond to thirst
  • Hypovolemic hyponatremia
  • Taking strong CYP3A inhibitors 
  • Anuria
  • Hypersensitivity (e.g., anaphylactic shock, rash generalized) to tolvaptan or any component of the product



Samsca has the following boxed warning:(1)

1) Samsca should be initiated and re-initiated in patients only in a hospital where serum sodium can be monitored closely.

Too rapid correction of hyponatremia (e.g., >12 mEq/L/24 hours) can cause osmotic demyelination resulting in dysarthria, mutism, dysphagia, lethargy, affective changes, spastic quadriparesis, seizures, coma and death. In susceptible patients, including those with severe malnutrition, alcoholism or advanced liver disease, slower rates of correction may be advisable.

2) Because of the risk of hepatotoxicity, tolvaptan should not be used for ADPKD outside of the FDA-approved REMS program.

REFERENCES                                                                                                                                                                           

Number

Reference

1

Samsca Prescribing Information. Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. April 2021.

2

Verbalis, J. G., Goldsmith, S. R., Greenberg, A., Korzelius, C., Schrier, R. W., Sterns, R. H., & Thompson, C. J. (2013). Diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of hyponatremia: Expert panel recommendations. The American Journal of Medicine, 126(10). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.07.006  

3

Spasovski, G., Vanholder, R., Allolio, B., Annane, D., Ball, S., Bichet, D., Decaux, G., Fenske, W., Hoorn, E. J., Ichai, C., Joannidis, M., Soupart, A., Zietse, R., Haller, M., van der Veer, S., Van Biesen, W., & Nagler, E. (2014). Clinical practice guideline on diagnosis and treatment of hyponatraemia. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 29(suppl_2), i1–i39. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfu040

POLICY AGENT SUMMARY PRIOR AUTHORIZATION

Target Brand Agent(s)

Target Generic Agent(s)

Strength

Targeted MSC

Available MSC

Final Age Limit

Preferred Status

Samsca

tolvaptan tab

15 MG ; 30 MG

M ; N ; O ; Y

N ; O ; Y

POLICY AGENT SUMMARY QUANTITY LIMIT

Target Brand Agent Name(s)

Target Generic Agent Name(s)

Strength

QL Amount

Dose Form

Day Supply

Duration

Addtl QL Info

Allowed Exceptions

Targeted NDCs When Exclusions Exist

Samsca

tolvaptan tab

15 MG

30

Tablets

365

DAYS

31722086803 ; 31722086831 ; 49884076852 ; 49884076854 ; 59148002050 ; 60505431700 ; 67877063502 ; 67877063533 ; 72205013011

Samsca

tolvaptan tab

30 MG

60

Tablets

365

DAYS

31722086903 ; 49884077052 ; 49884077054 ; 59148002150 ; 60505431800 ; 60505470500 ; 60505470501 ; 67877063602 ; 67877063633 ; 72205013111

CLIENT SUMMARY – PRIOR AUTHORIZATION

Target Brand Agent Name(s)

Target Generic Agent Name(s)

Strength

Client Formulary

Samsca

tolvaptan tab

15 MG ; 30 MG

Blue Partner ; Commercial ; GenPlus ; Health Insurance Marketplace ; NetResults A Series ; SourceRx

CLIENT SUMMARY – QUANTITY LIMITS

Target Brand Agent Name(s)

Target Generic Agent Name(s)

Strength

Client Formulary

Samsca

tolvaptan tab

30 MG

Blue Partner ; Commercial ; GenPlus ; Health Insurance Marketplace ; NetResults A Series ; SourceRx

Samsca

tolvaptan tab

15 MG

Blue Partner ; Commercial ; GenPlus ; Health Insurance Marketplace ; NetResults A Series ; SourceRx

PRIOR AUTHORIZATION CLINICAL CRITERIA FOR APPROVAL

Module

Clinical Criteria for Approval

PA

Target Agent(s) will be approved when ALL of the following are met:

  1. The requested agent was initiated (or re-initiated) in the hospital AND
  2. Prior to initiating the requested agent, the patient has/had a diagnosis of clinically significant hypervolemic or euvolemic hyponatremia defined by one of the following:
    1. serum sodium less than 125 mEq/L OR
    2. serum sodium greater than or equal to 125 mEq/L and has symptomatic hyponatremia that has resisted correction with fluid restriction AND
  3. The patient does NOT have underlying liver disease, including cirrhosis AND
  4. Medications known to cause hyponatremia (e.g., antidepressants [SSRIs, tricyclics, MAOIs, venlafaxine], anticonvulsants [carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, sodium valproate, lamotrigine], antipsychotics [phenothiazines, butyrophenones], anticancer [vinca alkaloids, platinum compounds, ifosfamide, melphalan, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, pentostatin], antidiabetic [chlorpropamide, tolbutamide], vasopressin analogues [desmopressin, oxytocin, terlipressin, vasopressin], miscellaneous [amiodarone, clofibrate, interferon, NSAIDs, levamisole, linezolid, monoclonal antibodies, nicotine, opiates, PPIs]) have been evaluated and discontinued when appropriate AND
  5. The patient will NOT be using the requested agent in combination with another tolvaptan agent for the requested indication AND
  6. The patient does not have any FDA labeled contraindications to the requested agent AND
  7. The patient has not already received 30 days of therapy with the requested agent for the current hospitalization

Length of Approval:  30 tablets/365 days of the 15 mg tablets
60 tablets/365 days of the 30 mg tablets

NOTE: If Quantity Limit applies, please refer to Quantity Limit Criteria.

QUANTITY LIMIT CLINICAL CRITERIA FOR APPROVAL

Module

Clinical Criteria for Approval

QL with PA

Quantity limit for the Target Agent(s) will be approved when ONE of the following is met:

  1. The requested quantity (dose and/or duration of therapy) does NOT exceed the program quantity limit OR
  2. BOTH of the following:
    1. The requested quantity (dose and/or duration of therapy) exceeds the program quantity limit AND
    2. The patient has had an additional hospitalization for hyponatremia for initiation of the requested agent

Length of Approval:  30 tablets/365 days of the 15 mg tablets
60 tablets/365 days of the 30 mg tablets

This pharmacy policy is not an authorization, certification, explanation of benefits or a contract. Eligibility and benefits are determined on a case-by-case basis according to the terms of the member’s plan in effect as of the date services are rendered. All pharmacy policies are based on (i) information in FDA approved package inserts (and black box warning, alerts, or other information disseminated by the FDA as applicable); (ii) research of current medical and pharmacy literature; and/or (iii) review of common medical practices in the treatment and diagnosis of disease as of the date hereof. Physicians and other providers are solely responsible for all aspects of medical care and treatment, including the type, quality, and levels of care and treatment.

The purpose of Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama’s pharmacy policies are to provide a guide to coverage. Pharmacy policies are not intended to dictate to physicians how to practice medicine. Physicians should exercise their medical judgment in providing the care they feel is most appropriate for their patients.

Neither this policy, nor the successful adjudication of a pharmacy claim, is guarantee of payment.

 

 

 

Commercial _ PS _ Samsca_PAQL _ProgSum_ 07-01-2024