ph-0018
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Berinert (C1 esterase inhibitor, human)

Policy Number: PH-0018

(Intravenous)

 

Last Review Date: 03/03/2020

Date of Origin:  11/28/2011

Dates Reviewed:  12/2011, 01/2013, 08/2013, 06/2014, 09/2014, 03/2015, 06/2015, 09/2015, 12/2015, 03/2016, 06/2016, 09/2016, 12/2016, 03/2017, 06/2017, 09/2017, 12/2017, 03/2018, 06/2018, 10/2018, 10/2019, 03/2020

  1. Length of Authorization

Coverage will be provided for 12 weeks and is eligible for renewal (unless otherwise specified).

The cumulative amount of medication(s) the patient has on-hand, indicated for the acute treatment of HAE, will be taken into account when authorizing. The authorization will provide a sufficient quantity in order for the patient to have a cumulative amount of HAE medication(s) on-hand in order to treat up to 4 acute attacks per 4 weeks for the duration of the authorization (unless otherwise specified).

  1. Dosing Limits

A.  Quantity Limit (max daily dose) [NDC unit]:

  • Berinert 500 IU vial: 22 vials every 28 days

B.  Max Units (per dose and over time) [HCPCS Unit]:

  • 1100 billable units per 28 days
  1. Initial Approval Criteria1-15

Coverage is provided in the following conditions:

Universal Criteria:

  • Must be prescribed by, or in consultation with, a specialist in: allergy, immunology, hematology, pulmonology, or medical genetics; AND
  • Confirmation the patient is avoiding the following possible triggers for HAE attacks:
  • Estrogen-containing oral contraceptive agents AND hormone replacement therapy; AND
  • Antihypertensive agents containing ACE inhibitors; AND

Treatment of acute abdominal, facial, or laryngeal attacks of Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) †

  • Patient must be at least 6 years of age; AND
  • Patient has a history of moderate to severe cutaneous attacks (without concomitant hives) OR abdominal attacks OR mild to severe airway swelling attacks of HAE (i.e. debilitating cutaneous/gastrointestinal symptoms OR laryngeal/pharyngeal/tongue swelling); AND
  • Patient has one of the following clinical presentations consistent with a HAE subtype, which must be confirmed by repeat blood testing:

HAE I (C1-Inhibitor deficiency)

  • Low C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) antigenic level (C1-INH antigenic level below the lower limit of normal as defined by the laboratory performing the test); AND
  • Low C4 level (C4 below the lower limit of normal as defined by the laboratory performing the test); AND
  • Low C1-INH functional level (C1-INH functional level below the lower limit of normal as defined by the laboratory performing the test); AND
    • Patient has a family history of HAE; OR
    • Acquired angioedema has been ruled out (i.e., patient onset of symptoms occur prior to 30 years old, normal C1q levels, patient does not have underlying disease such as lymphoma or benign monoclonal gammopathy [MGUS], etc.)

HAE II (C1-Inhibitor dysfunction)

  • Normal to elevated C1-INH antigenic level; AND
  • Low C4 level (C4 below the lower limit of normal as defined by the laboratory performing the test); AND
  • Low C1-INH functional level (C1-INH functional level below the lower limit of normal as defined by the laboratory performing the test)

HAE with normal C1INH (also known as HAE III)

  • Normal C1-INH antigenic level; AND
  • Normal C4 level; AND
  • Normal C1-INH functional level; AND
  • Repeat blood testing during an attack has confirmed the patient does not have abnormal lab values indicative of HAE I or HAE II; AND
  • Either of the following:
    • Patient has a known HAE-causing mutation (e.g., mutation of coagulation factor XII gene [F12 mutation], mutation in the angiopoietin-1 gene, mutation in the plasminogen gene, etc.); OR
    • Patient has a family history of HAE and documented evidence of lack of efficacy of chronic high-dose antihistamine therapy (e.g. cetirizine standard dosing at up to four times daily or an alternative equivalent, given for at least one month or an interval long enough to expect three or more angioedema attacks) AND corticosteroids; AND
  • Patient had an inadequate response or intolerance to an adequate trial of prophylactic therapy with an antifibrinolytic agent (e.g., tranexamic acid (TXA) or aminocaproic acid) and/or a 17α-alkylated androgen (e.g., danazol) unless contraindicated. Female patients may derive additional benefit from progestins16,17,18 [Note: if the clinical status of the patient warrants on-demand treatment, this criterion will be waived, and sufficient on-demand therapy approved (if all other criteria are met) in order to treat two acute attacks of HAE. Approval of additional on-demand treatment will be contingent upon either fulfilling this criterion or case by case review in instances where the criteria has not been fulfilled and on-demand therapy is required as a bridge in the interim.]  

FDA Approved Indication(s)

  1. Renewal Criteria1

Coverage can be renewed based upon the following criteria:

  • Patient continues to meet the universal and other indication-specific relevant criteria identified in section III; AND
  • Significant improvement in severity and duration of attacks have been achieved and sustained; AND
  • Absence of unacceptable toxicity from the drug. Examples of unacceptable toxicity include the following: hypersensitivity reactions, serious thrombotic events (arterial or venous), laryngeal HAE attacks, etc.; AND
  • The cumulative amount of medication(s) the patient has on-hand, indicated for the acute treatment of HAE, will be taken into account when authorizing. The authorization will provide a sufficient quantity in order for the patient to have a cumulative amount of HAE medication(s) on-hand in order to treat up to 4 acute attacks per 4 weeks for the duration of the authorization (unless otherwise specified).
  1. Dosage/Administration

Indication

Dose

Acute Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) attack

20 international units (IU) per kg body weight by intravenous injection upon recognition of an HAE attack.

  1. Billing Code/Availability Information

Jcode:

  • J0597 – Injection, C-1 esterase inhibitor (human), Berinert, 10 units; 1 billable unit = 10 units

NDC:

  • Berinert 500 IU single-use vial: 63833-0825-xx
  1. References
  1. Berinert [package insert]. Kankakee, IL; CSL Behring LLC; April 2019. Accessed January 2020.
  2. Wasserman RL, Levy RJ, Bewtra AK, et al, "Prospective Study of C1 Esterase Inhibitor in the Treatment of Successive Acute Abdominal and Facial Hereditary Angioedema Attacks," Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol, 2011, 106(1):62-8.
  3. Bowen T, Cicardi M, Farkas H, et al. Canadian 2003 International Consensus Algorithm For the Diagnosis, Therapy, and Management of Hereditary Angioedema. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Sep;114(3):629-37.
  4. Bygum A, Andersen KE, Mikkelsen CS. Self-administration of intravenous C1-inhibitor therapy for hereditary angioedema and associated quality of life benefits. Eur J Dermatol. Mar-Apr 2009;19(2):147-151.
  5. Bowen T, Cicardi M, Farkas H, et al. 2010 International consensus algorithm for the diagnosis, therapy and management of hereditary angioedema. Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol. 2010;6(1):24.
  6. Craig T, Aygören-Pürsün E, Bork K, et al. WAO Guideline for the Management of Hereditary Angioedema. World Allergy Organ J. 2012 Dec;5(12):182-99.
  7. Gompels MM, Lock RJ, Abinun M, et al. C1 inhibitor deficiency: consensus document.  Clin Exp Immunol. 2005;139(3):379.
  8. Bowen T, Cicardi M, Farkas H, et al. Canadian 2003 International Consensus Algorithm For the Diagnosis, Therapy, and Management of Hereditary Angioedema.  J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Sep;114(3):629-37.
  9. Betschel S, Badiou J, Binkley K, et al. Canadian hereditary angioedema guideline. Asthma Clin Immunol. 2014 Oct 24;10(1):50. doi: 10.1186/1710-1492-10-50.
  10. Zuraw BL, Bernstein JA, Lang DM, et al. A focused parameter update: hereditary angioedema, acquired C1 inhibitor deficiency, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-associated angioedema. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013 Jun;131(6):1491-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2013.03.034.
  11. Zuraw BL, Banerji A, Bernstein JA, et al. US Hereditary Angioedema Association Medical Advisory Board 2013 recommendations for the management of hereditary angioedema due to C1 inhibitor deficiency. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2013 Sep-Oct;1(5):458-67.
  12. Frank MM, Zuraw B, Banerji A, et al. Management of children with Hereditary Angioedema due to C1 Inhibitor deficiency. Pediatrics. 2016 Nov. 135(5)
  13. Zuraw BL, Bork K, Binkley KE, et al. Hereditary angioedema with normal C1 inhibitor function: Consensus of an international expert panel. Allergy Asthma Proc. 2012;33 Suppl 1:145-156.
  14. Maurer M, Mager M, Ansotegui I, et al. The international WAO/EAACI guideline for the management of hereditary angioedema-The 2017 revision and update. Allergy. 2018 Jan 10. doi: 10.1111/all.13384.
  15. Lang DM, Aberer W, Bernstein JA, et al. International consensus on hereditary and acquired angioedema. Ann Alergy Asthma Immunol. 2012;109:395-402.
  16. Wintenberger C, Boccon-Gibod I, Launay D, et al. Tranexamic acid as maintenance treatment for non-histaminergic angioedema: analysis of efficacy and safety in 37 patients. Clin Exp Immunol. 2014 Oct; 178(1): 112–117.
  17. Saule C, Boccon-Gibod I, Fain O, et al. Benefits of progestin contraception in non-allergic angioedema. Clin Exp Allergy. 2013 Apr;43(4):475-82.
  18. Frank MM, Sergent JS, Kane MA, et al. Epsilon aminocarproic acid therapy of hereditary angioneurotic edema; a double-blind study. N Engl J Med. 1972:286:808-812.

Appendix 1 – Covered Diagnosis Codes

ICD-10

ICD-10 Description

D84.1

Defects in the complement system

Appendix 2 – Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)

Medicare coverage for outpatient (Part B) drugs is outlined in the Medicare Benefit Policy Manual (Pub. 100-2), Chapter 15, §50 Drugs and Biologicals. In addition, National Coverage Determination (NCD) and Local Coverage Determinations (LCDs) may exist and compliance with these policies is required where applicable. They can be found at: http://www.cms.gov/medicare-coverage-database/search/advanced-search.aspx. Additional indications may be covered at the discretion of the health plan.

Medicare Part B Covered Diagnosis Codes (applicable to existing NCD/LCD): N/A

Medicare Part B Administrative Contractor (MAC) Jurisdictions

Jurisdiction

Applicable State/US Territory

Contractor

E (1)

CA, HI, NV, AS, GU, CNMI

Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC

F (2 & 3)

AK, WA, OR, ID, ND, SD, MT, WY, UT, AZ

Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC

5

KS, NE, IA, MO

Wisconsin Physicians Service Insurance Corp (WPS)

6

MN, WI, IL

National Government Services, Inc. (NGS)

H (4 & 7)

LA, AR, MS, TX, OK, CO, NM

Novitas Solutions, Inc.

8

MI, IN

Wisconsin Physicians Service Insurance Corp (WPS)

N (9)

FL, PR, VI

First Coast Service Options, Inc.

J (10)

TN, GA, AL

Palmetto GBA, LLC

M (11)

NC, SC, WV, VA (excluding below)

Palmetto GBA, LLC

L (12)

DE, MD, PA, NJ, DC (includes Arlington & Fairfax counties and the city of Alexandria in VA)

Novitas Solutions, Inc.

K (13 & 14)

NY, CT, MA, RI, VT, ME, NH

National Government Services, Inc. (NGS)

15

KY, OH

CGS Administrators, LLC

 

 

BERINERT® (C1 Esterase Inhibitor Human) Prior Auth Criteria
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