Asset Publisher

ph-0652

print Print Back Back

Leqvio® (inclisiran)

Policy Number: PH-0652

Subcutaneous

 

Last Review Date: 03/31/2023

Date of Origin: 02/01/2022

Dates Reviewed: 02/2022, 07/2022, 04/2023

FOR PEEHIP Members Only -Coverage excludes the provider-administered medication(s) outlined in this drug policy from being accessed through a specialty pharmacy. It must be obtained through buy and bill.

  1. Length of Authorization

Coverage is provided for 6 months for initial approval and may be renewed every 12 months.

  1. Dosing Limits

A. Quantity Limit (max daily dose) [NDC Unit]:

  • Leqvio 284 mg/1.5 mL single-dose pre-filled syringe: 1 syringe at month 0 and 3 initially then every 6 months thereafter

B. Max Units (per dose and over time) [HCPCS Unit]:

  • 284 billable units (284 mg) at months 0, 3 and then every 6 months
  1. Initial Approval Criteria 1

Coverage is provided in the following conditions:

  • Patient is at least 18 years of age; AND
  • Baseline low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) labs must be obtained prior to initiating treatment (required for renewal); AND

Universal Criteria 1

  • Patient is not on concomitant PCSK9- or ANGPTL3- inhibitors (i.e., alirocumab, evolocumab, evinacumab, etc.); AND
  • Must be prescribed by, or in consultation with, a specialist in cardiology, lipidology, or endocrinology; AND

Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HeFH)/Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) 1,3,9,12-19

  • Therapy will be used in conjunction with diet alone or in conjunction with other lipid-lowering therapies unless the patient is unable to tolerate (e.g., statins, ezetimibe); AND
    • Patient has a diagnosis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) (i.e., myocardial infarction, non-hemorrhagic stroke, or peripheral arterial disease) or ASCVD risk; AND
      • Patient can be classified into ONE of the following risk factor groups:
        • Extremely high risk ASCVD (defined as extensive burden of or active ASCVD, or ASCVD with extremely high burden of adverse poorly controlled risk cardiometabolic risk factors including HeFH or severe hypercholesterolemia (SH) with untreated LDL-C >220 mg/dL) with LDL-C >70 mg/dL
        • Very high risk ASCVD (defined as less extensive ASCVD and poorly controlled cardiometabolic risk factors) with LDL-C >100 mg/dL
        • High risk ASCVD with LDL-C >130 mg/dL; AND
          • Less extensive ASCVD and well-controlled cardiometabolic risk factors; OR
          • SH with untreated LDL-C >220 mg/dL with poorly controlled cardiometabolic risk factors; AND
      • Patient has a prior treatment history with the highest available dose or maximally-tolerated dose* of high intensity HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (i.e., ‘statin’ therapy: atorvastatin 40 mg or 80 mg daily, rosuvastatin 20 mg or 40 mg daily, or simvastatin 80 mg daily), unless contraindicated; AND
      • Patient has failed to reach a target LDL-C despite physician attestation that the patient is adherent to maximally-tolerated doses* of statins prior to the lipid panel demonstrating suboptimal reduction; OR
    • Patient has a diagnosis of Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) as confirmed by genotyping OR by patient having a first-degree relative similarly affected or with premature coronary vascular disease (CVD) or with positive genetic testing for a LDL-C raising gene defect (LDL receptor, apoB, or PCSK9); AND
      • Patient has prior treatment history with the highest available age-appropriate dose or maximally-tolerated dose* of high intensity HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (i.e., ‘statin’ therapy: atorvastatin 40 mg or 80 mg daily, rosuvastatin 20 mg or 40 mg daily, or simvastatin 80 mg daily), unless contraindicated; AND
      • Patient has failed to reach a target LDL-C despite physician attestation that the patient is adherent to maximally-tolerated doses* of statins prior to the lipid panel demonstrating suboptimal reduction; AND
      • Used as one of the following:
        • For primary prevention (i.e., patients without ASCVD) and LDL-C ≥100 mg/dL; OR
        • For secondary prevention (i.e., patients with ASCVD) and LDL-C ≥70 mg/dL

FDA Approved Indication(s); Compendia Recommended Indication(s); Ф Orphan Drug

*If the patient is not able to use a maximum dose of atorvastatin or rosuvastatin due to muscle symptoms, a causal relationship must be established between statin use and muscle symptoms.

  • Patient has evidence of pain, tenderness, stiffness, cramping, weakness, and/or fatigue and all of the following:
    • Muscle symptoms resolve after discontinuation of statin; AND
    • Muscle symptoms occurred when re-challenged at a lower dose of the same statin; AND
    • Muscle symptoms occurred after switching to an alternative statin; AND
    • Non-statin causes of muscle symptoms (e.g., hypothyroidism, reduced renal function, reduced hepatic function, rheumatologic disorders, such as polymyalgia rheumatica, steroid myopathy, vitamin D deficiency, or primary muscle disease) have been ruled-out; OR
  • The patient has been diagnosed with rhabdomyolysis associated with statin use
  • The diagnosis should be supported by acute neuromuscular illness or dark urine AND an acute elevation in creatine kinase (usually > 5,000 IU/L or 5 times the upper limit of normal [ULN])
  1. Renewal Criteria 1,9,13,19

Coverage can be renewed based upon the following criteria:

  • Patient continues to meet universal and other indication-specific relevant criteria such as concomitant therapy requirements (not including prerequisite therapy), performance status, etc. identified in section III; AND
  • Absence of unacceptable toxicity from therapy. Examples of unacceptable toxicity include: severe injection site reactions, etc.; AND
  • Patient has had a reduction in LDL-C when compared to the baseline labs (prior to initiating inclisiran); AND
  • Patient continues to adhere to diet and/or lipid lowering therapy established prior to the original inclisiran approval
  1. Dosage/Administration 1

Indication

Dose

Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HeFH)/Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD)

Administer, in combination with maximally tolerated statin therapy, 284 mg as a single subcutaneous injection initially, again at 3 months, and then every 6 months.

  • Assess LDL-C when clinically indicated. The LDL-lowering effect of Leqvio may be measured as early as 30 days after initiation and anytime thereafter without regard to timing of the dose.
  • Leqvio should be administered by a healthcare professional.
  • Inject Leqvio subcutaneously into the abdomen, upper arm, or thigh. Do not inject in areas of active skin disease or injury, such as sunburns, skin rashes, inflammation, or skin infections.
  1. Billing Code/Availability Information

HCPCS Code:

  • J1306 – Injection, inclisiran, 1 mg; 1 billable unit = 1 mg

NDC(s):

  • Leqvio 284 mg/1.5 mL single-dose prefilled syringe: 00078-1000-xx
  1. References
  1. Leqvio [package insert]. East Hanover, NJ; Novartis, Inc.; December 2021. Accessed March 2023.
  2. Mozaffarian D, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics--2015 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 Jan 27;131(4):e29-322. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000152. Epub 2014 Dec 17.
  3. Rosenson RS, Durrington P. (2022) Familial hypercholesterolemia in adults: Overview. In: Freeman MW, Parikh N (Eds). UpToDate. Last updated: Oct 17, 2022. Accessed March 22, 2023. Available from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/familial-hypercholesterolemia-in-adults-overview?search=Heterozygous%20Familial%20Hypercholesterolemia%20&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~49&usage_type=default&display_rank=2.
  4. Ferranti et al. What is the prevalence of familial hypercholesterolemia in the US? AHA 2014; 130(A19656).
  5. Stone NJ, et al. 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation, 2014; 129(25 Suppl 2): S145.
  6. Jacobson et al. National Lipid Association recommendations for patient-centered management of dyslipidemia: Part 1 – executive summary. Journal of Clinical Lipidology. 2014. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1933287414002748. Accessed July 29, 2015.
  7. Cannon CP. Ezetimibe Added to Statin Therapy after Acute Coronary Syndromes. N Engl J Med 2015; 372:23872397. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1410489.
  8. Lloyd-Jones DM, Morris PB, Ballantyne CM, et al. 2017 Focused Update of the 2016 ACC Expert Consensus Decision Pathway on the Role of Non-Statin Therapies for LDL-Cholesterol Lowering in the Management of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Task Force on Expert Consensus Decision Pathways. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Oct 3;70(14):1785-1822. 
  9. Grundy SM, Stone NJ, Bailey AL,  et al. AHA/ACC/AACVPR/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/ADA/AGS/APhA/ASPC/NLA/PCNA Guideline on the Management of Blood Cholesterol: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2018;000:e1–e120. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000625.
  10. Jacobson TA, Ito MK, Maki KC, et al. National Lipid Association recommendations for patient-centered management of dyslipidemia: Part 1 – executive summary. Journal of Clinical Lipidology. 2014:8(5):473–488. DOI: 10.1016/j.jacl.2014.07.007.
  11. Jacobson TA, Maki KC, Orringer C, et al. National Lipid Association Recommendations for Patient-Centered Management of Dyslipidemia: Part 2. J Clin Lipidol. 2015 Nov-Dec;9(6 Suppl):S1-122.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jacl.2015.09.002.
  12. Robinson JG, Jayanna MB, Brown AS, et al. Enhancing the Value of PCSK9 Monoclonal Antibodies by Identifying Patients Most Likely to Benefit, Journal of Clinical Lipidology (2019), doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacl.2019.05.005
  13. Robinson JG, Jayanna MB, Brown AS, et al. Enhancing the Value of PCSK9 Monoclonal Antibodies by Identifying Patients Most Likely to Benefit. A Consensus Statement From the National Lipid Association. J Clin Lipidol, 13 (4), 525-537; Jul-Aug 2019. PMID: 31281070. DOI: 10.1016/j.jacl.2019.05.005
  14. Rosenson RS, Baker SK, Jacobson TA, et al, The National Lipid Association's Muscle Safety Expert Panel. An assessment by the Statin Muscle Safety Task Force: 2014 update. J Clin Lipidol. 2014 May-Jun;8(3 Suppl):S58-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jacl.2014.03.004.
  15. Orringer, CE, Jacobson TA, Saseen JJ, et al. Update on the use of PCSK9 inhibitors in adults: Recommendations from an Expert Panel of the National Lipid Association. Journal of Clinical Lipidology. 2017, Vol: 11, Issue: 4, Page: 880-890.
  16. Al-Rasadi K, Al-Waili K, Al-Sabti HA, et al. Criteria for Diagnosis of Familial Hypercholesterolemia: A Comprehensive Analysis of the Different Guidelines, Appraising their Suitability in the Omani Arab Population. Oman Med J. 2014;29(2):85-91. doi:10.5001/omj.2014.22.
  17. Raal FJ, Kallend D, Ray KK, et al; ORION-9 Investigators. Inclisiran for the Treatment of Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 16;382(16):1520-1530. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1913805. Epub 2020 Mar 18.
  18. Ray KK, Wright RS, Kallend D, et al; ORION-10 and ORION-11 Investigators. Two Phase 3 Trials of Inclisiran in Patients with Elevated LDL Cholesterol. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 16;382(16):1507-1519. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1912387. Epub 2020 Mar 18.
  19. Lloyd-Jones DM, Morris PB, Ballantyne CM, et al. 2022 ACC Expert Consensus Decision Pathway on the Role of Nonstatin Therapies for LDL-Cholesterol Lowering in the Management of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Solution Set Oversight Committee. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2022 Oct 4;80(14):1366-1418. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.07.006.

Appendix 1 – Covered Diagnosis Codes

ICD-10

ICD-10 Description

E78.00

Pure Hypercholesterolemia, unspecified

E78.01

Familial hypercholesterolemia

E78.2

Mixed hyperlipidemia

E78.4

Other hyperlipidemia

E78.5

Hyperlipidemia, unspecified

I21

Acute myocardial infarction

I21.0

ST elevation (STEMI) myocardial infarction of anterior wall

I21.1

ST elevation (STEMI) myocardial infarction of inferior wall

I21.2

ST elevation (STEMI) myocardial infarction of other sites

I21.9

Acute myocardial infarction, unspecified

I21.A9

Other myocardial infarction type

Appendix 2 – Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)

Medicare coverage for outpatient (Part B) drugs is outlined in the Medicare Benefit Policy Manual (Pub. 100-2), Chapter 15, §50 Drugs and Biologicals. In addition, National Coverage Determination (NCD), Local Coverage Determinations (LCDs), and Local Coverage Articles (LCAs) may exist and compliance with these policies is required where applicable. They can be found at: https://www.cms.gov/medicare-coverage-database/search.aspx. Additional indications may be covered at the discretion of the health plan.

Medicare Part B Covered Diagnosis Codes (applicable to existing NCD/LCD/LCA): N/A

Medicare Part B Administrative Contractor (MAC) Jurisdictions

Jurisdiction

Applicable State/US Territory

Contractor

E (1)

CA, HI, NV, AS, GU, CNMI

Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC

F (2 & 3)

AK, WA, OR, ID, ND, SD, MT, WY, UT, AZ

Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC

5

KS, NE, IA, MO

Wisconsin Physicians Service Insurance Corp (WPS)

6

MN, WI, IL

National Government Services, Inc. (NGS)

H (4 & 7)

LA, AR, MS, TX, OK, CO, NM

Novitas Solutions, Inc.

8

MI, IN

Wisconsin Physicians Service Insurance Corp (WPS)

N (9)

FL, PR, VI

First Coast Service Options, Inc.

J (10)

TN, GA, AL

Palmetto GBA, LLC

M (11)

NC, SC, WV, VA (excluding below)

Palmetto GBA, LLC

L (12)

DE, MD, PA, NJ, DC (includes Arlington & Fairfax counties and the city of Alexandria in VA)

Novitas Solutions, Inc.

K (13 & 14)

NY, CT, MA, RI, VT, ME, NH

National Government Services, Inc. (NGS)

15

KY, OH

CGS Administrators, LLC

 

 

 

LEQVIO® (inclisiran) Prior Auth Criteria
Proprietary Information. Restricted Access – Do not disseminate or copy without approval.
©2023, Magellan Rx Management

White MRx.PNG